El crimen organizado y la corrupción del Estado: El reto en El Salvador, la experiencia en Guatemala

El crimen organizado y la corrupción del Estado: El reto en El Salvador, la experiencia en Guatemala

1666 Connecticut Ave NW

Viernes, 15 de julio, 2011

Mande un correo a Alejo Bascoy, abascoy@wola.org para RSVP.

El programa se realizará en español.

El Salvador, like much of Central America, faces rising levels of criminal activity, both organized and unorganized, that pose a serious challenge for state institutions responsible for providing public security and justice. Organized criminal groups, many with their origins in wartime military and paramilitary structures, have long had links to politicians and law enforcement institutions, but the infiltration and corruption of state institutions has become ever more complicated by the growing role of drug trafficking cartels. Since assuming office, the Funes Administration has sought to address the problem of criminal infiltration. It has supported a Police Inspector General who has actively investigated corruption accusations on all levels from individual officers in the National Civilian Police (PNC) to high-ranking officials. Guatemala has faced similar problems. Five years ago, recognizing the influence that clandestine criminal organizations had in state institutions, the Guatemalan government, with support from civil society, invited the UN to support the creation of an International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) with special powers to investigate and aid in the prosecution of organized criminal groups that have infiltrated the Guatemalan state.

What are the problems of organized crime and state corruption in El Salvador? What aspects of the Guatemalan experience might be helpful? Our guests bring a breadth of experience on the particular issue of organized crime, and the unique challenges that exist due to the criminal infiltration of state institutions. They will discuss the dynamics of organized crime in El Salvador and Guatemala, and share with us their perspectives on efforts to address these issues that arecurrently under discussion and those already underway.

Sergio Arauz is a reporter with El Salvador’s media outlet El Faro. He is the author of the recent three-part investigative report on the Texis Cartel, a hard-hitting in depth report on a significant drug cartel allegedly run by a prominent business man and implicating police officers, mayors, gangs, and members of congress.

Carlos Dada is the founder and director of the news website El Faro, which has become a reference for independent and high quality journalism in Central America since 1998 and is known for its investigations of corruption, organized crime and violence. Dada has reported from various conflict zones including Iraq, Venezuela, Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. His work has been published in Latin America, the United States, Bosnia and Spain.

Helen Mack is a highly-regarded human rights defender in Guatemala and the president of the Myrna Mack Foundation. Ms. Mack has worked on initiatives to support rule of law in Guatemala for well over two decades and was a key figure in the promotion and creation of the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG). She currently heads the Presidential Commission for the Reform of the Civilian National Police. She will share her perspective on how this innovative mechanism has contributed to strengthening the security and justice institutions in the country and how a similar mechanism might work in El Salvador.