On May 31, 2018, a Mexican federal court issued a historic ruling in the Ayotzinapa case, concluding that Mexico’s federal Attorney General’s Office (Procuraduría General de la Republica, PGR) has not guaranteed the right to truth and justice for the victims in the case, calling for the creation of an “Investigative Commission for Truth and Justice in the Iguala Case” to continue the investigation into the forced disappearance of the 43 Ayotzinapa students and the extrajudicial execution of six people on September 25-26, 2014.
Below, WOLA has compiled an extensive list of resources and information about the Ayotzinapa case.
On the night of September 26, 2014, students from the Raúl Isidro Burgos Rural Teachers’ School (Escuela Normal Rural Raúl Isidro Burgos) in Ayotzinapa, in the Mexican state of Guerrero, were attacked by local police while riding in buses in Iguala, another city in the state of Guerrero. In a series of attacks, police opened fire on the buses, killing 6 people, including 3 bystanders, and injuring many more. The tortured body of Julio César Mondragón was found in a street the following day. During the night’s succession of events, 43 students were forcibly disappeared. Various theories regarding their whereabouts have since emerged. On December 6, 2014, the Mexican government announced that the remains of one of the disappeared students, Alexander Mora Venancio, had been identified, however, the fate of 42 of the students remains unknown.
This case sparked a wave of massive protests in the country and worldwide. Along with the students’ families, Mexican human rights organizations, and other national and international actors, WOLA has expressed multiple concerns regarding the government’s handling of the case.
The Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts
On November 12, 2014, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) signed an agreement with the students’ families and representatives and the Mexican government to provide technical assistance for the case. As a result, the IACHR formed the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (Grupo Interdisciplinario de Expertos y Expertas Independientes, GIEI) who are tasked with assisting with the search for the students, the investigation into those responsible, the attention to the victims of the attack and their families, and the development of public policies regarding enforced disappearance. The Group of Experts worked on the case from March 2015 to April 2016.
Below are resources regarding the work of the Group of Experts:
The Special Follow-Up Mechanism to Ayotzinapa
Following the Experts’ departure, in July 2016, the IACHR established a Follow-Up Mechanism for the Ayotzinapa investigation under a new agreement with the Mexican government, the students’ families, and their representatives. The Follow-Up Mechanism is tasked with monitoring the implementation of the Experts’ recommendations and the overall progress being made in the investigation.
Below are resources regarding the work of the Follow-Up Mechanism:
Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team
Since October 5, 2014, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (Equipo Argentino de Antropología Forense, EAAF) has accompanied the forensic investigation as an independent expert on behalf of the students’ families.
Below are resources regarding the work of the EEAF:
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
WOLA resources on the Ayotzinapa case
Letters and Statements from U.S. Congress
Mexico’s Attorney General’s Office
On October 4, 2014, Mexico’s Attorney General’s Office (Procuraduría General de la República, PGR) took on the Ayotzinapa case, and on January 27, 2015, presented its theory of the case, essentially closing its investigation.