WOLA: Advocacy for Human Rights in the Americas
Intro

Evaluating progress 
in Central America

EL SALVADOR
Areas of progress
01.

Strengthening the Capacity and Independence of Justice Systems

01.1

Capacity of the Justice System:

EL SALVADOR / Areas of progress

01. fortalecimiento-de-la-capacidad-e-independencia-de-los-sistemas-de-justicia

01.1
Capacity of the Justice System

The data shows that the Public Defender’s Office and the Institute of Forensic Medicine have the lowest personnel levels per 100,000 inhabitants. During the period analyzed, there were four public defenders and three medical examiners in criminal matters for every 100,000 people. Meanwhile, there were eight judges and eight prosecutors with competence in criminal matters for every 100,000 people.  With the exception of the Public Prosecutor’s Office, staffing levels in El Salvador’s justice institutions were well below international standards for the administration of justice. The accompanying chart compares staffing levels at El Salvador’s justice institutions (2014-2017).

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Improving Transparency
02
EL SALVADOR
Areas of progress
02.

Improving Transparency

Next
Cooperation with Anti-Impunity Commissions
03
EL SALVADOR
Areas of progress
03.

Cooperation with Anti-Impunity Commissions

Next
Combatting Corruption
04
EL SALVADOR
Areas of progress
04.

Combatting Corruption

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Protecting Human Rights
05
EL SALVADOR
Areas of progress
05.

Protecting Human Rights

GLOSSARY

WOLA and our Central America partners have developed a series of indicators to assess the progress in Central America in eight key areas. That progress will reflect both the commitment of Central American governments and the effectiveness of international assistance. The indicators include a combination of quantitative data and qualitative analysis in order to gain a more in-depth understanding of the changes taking place in each country. Data sources include official documents and statistics, surveys, interviews, and reviews of existing laws and regulations that will be systematically compiled.

WOLA and our partners developed these indicators in a months-long process that included review of international standards, consultation with experts, and consensus among all partners about the key issues to address.
Our goal is to provide an instrument that can help identify the areas of progress and opportunities for improvement shortfalls for of the policies and strategies being implemented on the ground in a form that is useful for policymakers, donors, academics, and the public. At the same time, we hope to provide analysis that can contribute to the evaluation of trends over time both within and between the countries of the Northern Triangle.

01
Strengthening the capacity and independence of justice systems

Capacity of the Justice System: Number of criminal justice officials, geographical coverage, workload, effectiveness, and public trust.

Internal Independence: Existence and implementation of a public, merit-based selection process free from external influence, a results-based evaluation system, and an effective disciplinary system.

External Independence: Size of budget allocated for the judicial sector and implementation of national and international protection measures for justice officials.

02
Combating corruption
03
Strengthening of civilian police forces
04
Limiting the role of the military in public security
05
Tackling violence and organized crime
06
Protecting human rights
07
Improving transparency
08
Cooperation with anti-impunity commissions
METHODOLOGY

The Central America Monitor is based on the premise that accurate, objective, and complete data and information are necessary to reduce the high levels of violence and insecurity, and establish rule of law and governance in a democratic state. This will allow efforts to move beyond abstract discussions of reform to specific measures of change.

The Monitor is based on a series of more than 100 quantitative and qualitative indicators that allow a more profound level of analysis of the successes or setbacks made in eight key areas in each of the three countries. More than a comprehensive list, the indicators seek to identify a way to examine and assess the level of progress of the three countries in strengthening the rule of law and democratic institutions. The indicators seek to identify the main challenges in each of the selected areas and examine how institutions are (or are not) being strengthened over time. The Monitor uses information from different sources, including official documents and statistics, surveys, interviews, information from emblematic cases, and analysis of existing laws and regulations.

The indicators were developed over several months in a process that included an extensive review of international standards and consultation with experts. The eight areas analyzed by the Monitor include:

  • 01. Strengthening the capacity and independence of justice systems
  • 02. Combating corruption
  • 03. Strengthening of civilian police forces
  • 04. Limiting the role of the military in public security
  • 05. Tackling violence and organized crime
  • 06. Protecting human rights
  • 07. Improving transparency
  • 08. Cooperation with anti-impunity commissions